Basic TCP/IP configuration

 

                                                TCP/IP require IP address and subnet mask.

 

1:      ID address

                IP address uniquely identifies your computer on the network. The IP address a four field, 32bit   address, separated by period sign. The part of address is used to identify your network address and a part is use to identify the host computers address.

 

Class A       ------    .       -------       .      -------       .      ---------

                Network           Host             Host                 Host

 

Class B    ------    .       -------       .      -------       .      ---------

                          Network                                    Host

 

Class C   ------    .       -------       .      -------       .      ---------

                Network   Network    Network                Host

 

Network Class

Address Range

Number of Network

Number of Nodes

Class A

1-126

126

16,777,214

Class B

128-191

16,384

65,532

Class C

192-223

2,697,152

254

 

 

 

2: Subnet mask

 

                                                Subnet mask is used to specify which part of the IP address is the network address and which part of the address is the host address.

                                                                Subnet mask

                                                                Subnet

Class A                                                  255.0.0.0

Class B                                                  255.255.0.0

Class C                                                  255.255.255.0

 

 

 

3: Default   gateway

                                To configure default gateway if the network contains router, a router is the device that connect  two or more network segments together. Router functions at the network layer of the OSI model.

 

 

 


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by Hemdeep   Gamit  in Networking  on 9/16/2015 1:47:20 AM  


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